The Instinctive Drowning Response, aptly named by Francesco A. Pia, Ph.D., is what people do to avoid actual or perceived suffocation in the water. Often we don't realize we are in real trouble until it's too late. And unfortunately, it does not look like most people expect.
Drowing on tv is very different than in real life. There is very little splashing, no waving, and no yelling or calls for help of any kind. To get an idea of just how quiet and undramatic from the surface drowning can be, consider this: drowning is the No. 2 cause of accidental death in children, ages 15 and under, just behind vehicle accidents.
Of the approximately 750 children who will drown next year, about 375 of them will do so within 25 yards of a parent or other adult. According to the CDC, in 10 percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch the child do it, having no idea it is happening.
Drowning does not look like drowning—Dr. Pia, in an article in the Coast Guard’s On Scene magazine, described the Instinctive Drowning Response like this:
- “Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled before speech occurs.
- Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.
- Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.
- Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.
- From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.”
So what's the No. 1 best way to keep a child from drowning?
Make sure they wear proper fitting Personal Floatation Devices every time they are in the water. Check the weight capacity on the PFD, make sure all the straps are firmly latched, and test out old PFDs to make sure they still float.
Need a new life jacket? Check out our Stohlquist line of PFDs, infant, child and youth sizes.
One sunny day, take all your family's PFDs out to a warm lake and test them out. If they don't meet your expectations, it's time to upgrade.
You will be happy you did, and maybe you'll safe a precious life in the future!
Have a great summer and "float" safe out there!